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Peter Hvidt

Danish designer Peter Hvidt (1916 -1986) was trained as an architect and as cabinetmaker at the School of Arts and Crafts in Copenhagen. In 1944 he both designed the "Portex" chair, one of the first stacking chairs to come out of Denmark, and opened a furniture design office with Orla Mølgaard-Nielsen. Throughout the latter part of the 1940s, Hvidt produced furniture that was basically very traditional, but which often manipulated the standards of furniture design in some very subtle way. A 1948 mahogany furniture set which included a desk, cupboard and chairs was criticized for the wide seat and armrests that Hvidt had added, which made it impossible to slide the chair under the desk. In 1950 he and Mølgaard-Nielsen designed the "AX" chair which became the major icon of their career. Inspired by the designs of Charles and Ray Eames, the "AX" chair was the first Danish chair with a seat and back made of double curved laminated wood. The chair was produced by Fritz Hansen and was built using Hansen's process for laminate gluing, which was in turn borrowed from a technique used to make tennis rackets. The process gave way to expansive opportunities for mass production because it could be produced more quickly without compromising the standards for quality wood furniture. It helped to open up a successful market for Danish furniture that made the country a leader in modern design. This design also opened up an exciting new arena of exportation possibilities because it took into account the elements necessary to break down the item. The seat and back could be removed and packaged separately, basically dismantling the entire chair for easy shipping. The "AX" chair was built in several different variations, with and without armrests and with reversible leather upholstery instead of the wood seat. It was also accompanied by the "AX" table and was exhibited in 1951 as part of the "Good Design" show sponsored by the MoMA.