Charlotte Perriand (1903 - 1999), was a French architect and designer.
Perriand became known at 24 years of age with Bar Under the Roof - furniture made out of chromed steel and anodized aluminium. This was presented at the Salon d'Automne of 1927 and was acclaimed by the critics. Shortly afterward, she was invited to begin a collaboration with Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret, which would last nearly ten years. She exhibited with them in the Salon d'Automne of 1929, The Equipment of Habitation: Racks, Seats, Tables . This furniture would be produced by Thonet and more recently by Cassina.
From 1940, onwards, her style was strongly influenced by a long stay in the Far East, and in particular in Japan from 1940 to 1942. Charlotte Perriand took part in the design of the ski resorts of Les Arcs in Savoie, at the same time making her architecture and installations of interiors. Since March 2004, Cassina produces the furniture of Charlotte Perriand.
Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris, who chose to be known as Le Corbusier (1887-1965), was a Swiss-French architect, designer, urbanist, writer and also painter, who is famous for being one of the pioneers of what now is called Modern architecture or the International style. He was born in Switzerland and became a French citizen in his 1930s. He was a pioneer in studies of modern high design and was dedicated to providing better living conditions for the residents of crowded cities. Later commentators have criticized Le Corbusier's monoliths as soulless and expressive of his arrogance in pioneering his form of architecture. His career spanned five decades, with his buildings constructed throughout central Europe, India, Russia, and one each in North and South America. He was also an urban planner, painter, sculptor, writer, and modern furniture designer. Le Corbusier adopted his pseudonym in the 1920s, allegedly deriving it in part from the name of a distant ancestor, Lecorbésier. However, it appears to have been an earlier (and somewhat unkind) nickname, which he simply decided to keep.
Pierre Jeanneret studied architecture in Geneva before joining the firm of his cousin, Charles Edouard Jeanneret, better known by his sobriquet Le Corbusier.
Around 1928 the pair collaborated with Charlotte Perriand to design a line of furniture that incorporated modern simplicity and industrial materials for the Villa Church outside of Paris. The line included the iconic chaise lounge (LC4) and the Fauteuil Grand Confort, petit modèle, both presented at the Salon d'Automne in 1929. Other noteworthy accomplishments include the partnership’s first place design of the League of Nations building in 1926, and their plan for the new Punjab capital city in India, Chandigarh. After construction of the massive urban planning project was complete, Jeanneret stayed on as Chief Architect of the city for over a decade.
While touring Europe, Hans and Florence Knoll encountered an intriguing new chair designed solely by Jeanneret. They licensed the design, introducing it as the Model 92 Scissors Chair in 1948.